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CERTAIN FIXED POINTS IN THE PRE-HISTORY OF WALES PRESIDENTIAL ADDRESS, By HON. PROFESSOR BOYD DAWKINS, D.Se., F.R.S. I.-INTRODUCTORY IN taking the chair of the Cambrian Archaeological Association I have the honour of succeeding to the position occupied by a long line of illustrious Presi- dents, who have enlarged the boundaries of history, topography, and architecture, and have thrown light on the darkness that covered the pre-history of Britain and of Europe, at the time when the Association was formed. Among them are several of my personal friends and fellow workers, Basil Jones, Babington, G. T. Clark, and Freeman, who have gone before, and Rhys, and Howorth, who are still nobly carrying for- ward the lamp of knowledge handed to them by their predecessors. Besides, however, using their work for the purposes of this address, I have entered into the labours of the many workers, Owen Stanley, Lloyd, Pritchard, Romilly Allen, Way, Phillimore, Barnwell, Thomas, Willoughby Gardner, and others, who have made it possible for me to treat of the pre-history of Wales. The Cambrian Archaeological Association was founded at the beginning of the great scientific renascence in the latter half of the nineteenth century, when anti- quarian researches were being reduced to system, and its growth coincides with the period in which archaeo- logy became a science, ruled, like the rest, by the laws of a strict induction. It has, indeed, largely contributed to the renascence, not only by its work, but by its example, followed by the many societies and clubs throughout Wales, now exploring the antiquities of