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&n\tmU$fo <&mhnnm. THIRD SERIES, No. XXX.—APRIL, 1862. BRONLLYS CASTLE. On the banks of the river Llynfy, or Llyfni, about eight miles from the county town of Brecknock, stands a round tower isolated from all other buildings on what appears to be partly an artificial mound, but still of considerable elevation above the stream which flows almost immediately beneath. The views from its upper stories are most extensive and beautiful, comprising the vale of Talgarth with its town and church, the range of the Black Mountains with their ever varying effects of light and shade. The ancient fortified hill of Dinas, the picturesque form of Mynydd Troadd, and the singu¬ larly beautiful outlines of the Breconshire Beacons; the park-like grounds of Gwernyfot, Tregunter, Trev- ithel, and Polity wall,—also contribute to the beauty of the scene. Considerable doubt exists as to the date of the erec¬ tion of this tower, which is called by some Brendlais, others Bruinllys, and rrrore generally Bronllys: the last, in all probability, being the correct orthography, as the nature of the ground would favour the assumption that the name is derived from " bron" and " llys", the palace on the brow of the hill,—"bron", a round protuberance, a breast.1 The varieties of the face of a country have mostly appellatives used for parts of the body where any ideal conformity subsists ; so that the slope of a hill is demonstrated "bron"; "llys", acourt,hall,or palace. 1 Owen's W. and E. Dictionary. 3rd ser., vol. vin. 6