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gkctetfjflijia: fymknmte. FIFTH SERIES.—VOL. V, NO. XX. OCTOBER 1888. EMRAL AND ITS OCCUPANTS. BY THE REV. CANON M. H. LEE. Emral was, according to John Erthig of Erthig, the dower-house of Emma, wife of Gruffydd ap Madoc, who had been obliged for some time before his death, in 1270, to confine himself within the limits of his impregnable castle of Dinas Bran.1 The date of his marriage with Emma Audley is not known; but all their four sons would seem to have been of age in 1270, when they confirmed and added to their mothers 1 See Caradoc of Llancarvan, p. 180, also on p. 273, under date 1257, " But Gruffydh ap Madoc Maelor, lord of Dinas Bran, a per¬ son of notorious reputation for injustice and oppression, basely for¬ sook the Welsh, his countrymen, and with all his forces went over to the Earl of Chester." The next year (1258) "Llewelyn must needs be avenged upon that ungrateful fugitive, Gruffydh ap Madoc Maelor; and thereupon passing through Bromfeld, he miserably laid waste the whole country. Upon this the Kings of England and Scotland sent to Llewelyn requiring him to cease from hostility and after that unmerciful manner to devour and to take away other men's estates. The Prince was not over sollicitous to hearken to their request," etc. "After that, sending for all the forces in South Wales, he came to the Marches, where Gruffydh, lord of Bromfeld, finding that the King of England was not able to defend his estate, yielded himself up." " Within that space (1268-72) died Grono ap Ednyfed Fychan, one of the chief lords of the Prince's Council, and shortly after him (in 1270), Gruffydh, lord of Bromfeld, who lies buried at Valle Crucis." 5th ser., vol. v. 20