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Itfji ten login Cfltttottsk NEW SERIES, No. VII.—JULY, 1851. ON THE INSURRECTION OF LLEWELYN BREN. A.D. 1316. (Read at Cardiff.) " The war in Wales," as it is called in a contemporary document, was instigated in the 9th year of Edward II., by Llewelyn ap Rees and his sons. Although this out¬ break perplexed the councils of the parliament at Lincoln in the year 1316, encouraged aggressions from the Scotch nation, by whose machinations it is said by Sir F. Palgrave to have been " kept on foot," and added heavily to the calamities of an unfortunate reign, it has never yet re¬ ceived that careful notice from either our English or Welsh historians which its importance deserves. There were many concurrent causes which might at this period excite the mountaineers of Glamorgan—a quick-spirited and hardy race—to rebellion. _ A series of commotions had agitated South Wales ever since the fall of the last hereditary prince, Llewelyn ap Gruffydd, in 1282. Under the iron rule of Edward I., the men of Glamor¬ gan had been severely punished for the part they had taken in the obstinate feud between the lords marchers of Brecon and of Cardiff. It had been made a pretext for a protracted border warfare, (some curious particulars ARCH. CAMB., NEW SERIES, VOL. II. 2 A