Welsh Journals

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THE WELSH CALVINISTIC METHODIST RECORD. OCTOBER, 1853. THE ATONEMENT. Tnis doctrine is the marrow of all gospel discoveries, the means of our redemption, the foundation of our reconciliation unto God, and the great hinge upon which are suspended our salvation, happiness, and eternal life. The sum of the gospel message is, " That Christ died for our sins ac¬ cording to the scriptures;" and no other ground than this have we for access unto God. " God was in Christ, reconciling the world unto himself, not imputing their trespasses unto them." " And he is the propitiation for our sins, and not for ours only, but also for the sins of the whole world." Let us enquire, I. What is the atonement ? By this we are to understand the satisfaction which Christ Jesus, in the capacity of surety, and by the sacrifice of himself, gave unto God foi the sins of all given unto him from eternity in the covenant of grace. The satisfaction which Christ gave was himself: "who gave himself for us;" himself in all that he was and all that he did and suffered; himself, the God-man, in all the worth and dignity of his per¬ son, in all the excellency of his perfections, and in all the fulness of the graces and qualifications with which he had been anointed. When Christ is spoken of in scripture as an atonement, it is not said that the Father appointed him to make an atonement, but that he appointed him and sent him into the world to be the atonement: " whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood;" " and he is the propitiation for our sins;" "herein is love, not that we love God, but that he loved us, and sent his Son to be the pro¬ pitiation for our sins." In these passages we have Christ pointed out as the atonement, and a definition of the doctrine. The word used by the apostle Paul in the passage quoted from the epistle to the Romans, and translated " propitiation," signifies a propitiatory covering. In Heb. 9: 5, it is rendered mercy-seat: "and over it, (that 2d