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he ABSTAINER A Monthly Temperance Magazine for circulation in South Wales and Monmouthshire. H Communications for the Editor should be addressed to the Offices of the Union 35, WINDSOR PLACE, CARDIFF. Voi,. XXI. 5. MAY, 1910. ONE PENNY. Visit of the South Wales and Monmouthshire Band of Hope Union to Cardiff. MONDAY, MAY 2nd, GRAN D Children's Festival Braiding the Maypole, Old English Games, Morris Dances, Action Songs, Swedish Drill, Handbell Ringing, Dumbbells, etc., etc. Chairman Mr. W. J. HEPPELL. TUESDAY, MAY 3rd, DEMONSTRATION SPEAKERS— Dr. C. W. Saleeby, F.R.S., Mrs. Phillip Snowden. Chairman, Alderman T. J. HUGHES, Bridgend. Clxoix> of SOO Voices. Floor, 6d. Second Night, Balcony and Front Seats Doors open to Ticket Holders only, 6.40; others 7 o'clock Commence 7.30. ADMISSION—1st Night, Balcony, 1/-; Ground (Ground Floor) 6d. ; Back Seats Free. ##&a^r^r&r&r^rar«^ri^^ *o* ti^ %.j n.J^ W^ LJr i.j CUIRIHT TOPICS, Mr. John Burns and the Causes of Pauperism In the debate upon the Prevention of Destitu¬ tion Bill, after showing that 331,000 persons were indicted for criminal or other offences through drink, Mr. John Burns said :— " Let us never forget it, much of the disorder, the dirt, the disease, the cruelty to children, the assaults on each other, and the improvidence and laziness owe their origin either directly or in¬ directly to drink. I was speaking to a medical officer of a large London union workhouse and infirmary, and he told me that in the 25 years he had been medical officer for that institution 100,000 men and women had passed through his hands for long or short periods, and in the whole of that time he had not known more than a dozen teetotalers out of that 100,000. We cannot ignore the fact that in the 75 years we have had the Boards of Guardians we have only spent ^600,000,000 on Poor Law institutions and relief, representing but four years of our gigantic drink bill. I am glad to say we are becoming a more sober nation, and that drunkenness is decreasing at an accelerated pace. I mention this only to show that palliatives which do not remedy ought not to engage so much of our attention, time, and money, as the removal of certain causes of British pauperism, a large amount of which, I believe, has its origin and its beginning in the figures and reasons which I have mentioned." Mr. Balfour on Preventable Destitution During the same debate Mr. Balfour declared that it was intolerable " that we should permit the deterioration of those who are really fit for good work. We may regard the community in one of its aspects as a great industrial concern, and anything which we do that destroys our earning power may do far more harm than good in the long run, and may greatly increase the number of the pauper class." It is certainly an intolerable thing that we should allow the liquor trade to permanently deteriorate those who are fit for really^ good