Skip to main content

THE tils XI Ask illX JLIJ&vFJL^ X Xi JSj Xt AND PEOPLE'S FRIEND. CONTENTS. Druid ism (continued)....... 97 The Calendar......... 99 Poetry........... 101 The Principles of Gardening .... 101 Chester........... 108 Reti ospect of the Month..... 105 Local Affairs......... 107 Correspondence .... Hanging and Dissecting Arbitration v. War . . Varieties...... "Wrexham County Court To N---------from London Page. 109 110 112 112 No. 7. Vol. 1.1 FEBRUARY 1st, 1849. Pkice Id. DRUIDISM: OR THE RELIGIOUS, MORAL, AND SOCIAL STATE OF THE 'WELSH BEFORE THS INTRODUCTION OF CHRISTIANITY AMONGST THEM. (COHTIMUBD PBOM PAGE 80.) In the parish of Dwy Gyfylchi, in Carnarvonshire, there existed a tem¬ ple, composed of twelve stones, form¬ ing a circle of 230 feet in extent, and near to it, three perpendicular stones, supposed (o represent Hu Gadarn, Ceridwen, and Llywy,—who were worshipped there. The isle of Anglesea, is full of the remains of those temples and altars; the chief of which are,—a Cromlech, near to Tre'r Dry w; and the temple called Bryn Gwyn. This temple was of an oval form, composed of twelve perpendicular stones, one of which was twelve feet in length. It is most piobable that the two Cromlechau or altars, at Cerrig-y- Druidion, in this county, were in the centre of temples, though none of *heir remains now exist. The principal Druidical temple in this island, was that of Stonehenge, near Salisbury, supposed to have been erected 500 years before the advent of Christ, and consisted of four rows of stones; the two outer rows were circular, and the inner oval. The outer circle was 310 feet in extent. This temple was not sup¬ posed to be dedicated to the services of any particular deity; but to be common to all. Though Stonehenge was considered the principal Druidical temple in the island, there were others of a larc size, particularly that at Abu* •. ear Malborough. This one was encom¬ passed by a fence of 3900 feet, with¬ in which was placed a circle of 100 perpendicular stones, sixteen feet in