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inherited the considerable Glanbran estate in Carmarthenshire on the death of his cousin (or uncle)59 Sackville Gwynn without issue. He married (in 1748 according to Old Wales) the Hon. Anne Howe, daughter of John, the first Lord Chedworth.60 They had three children; Sackville, who inherited Glanbran and who died in 1794 Thynne Howe of Buck- land (and, after his brother's death, of Glanbran), who married Elinor, daughter of Edward Matthew of Aberaman; and Dorothy, baptised on 2nd January 1749. In 1756 Roderick purchased the Buckland estate in Breconshire, and it was he who erected the monument to his kinsman and benefactor Sackville Gwynn in Tirabad church, which Sackville had rebuilt in 1716 and endowed ten years later he himself, his son Sackville, and Sackville's first wife Catherine Thomas were also buried there.61 His story belongs more to Carmarthenshire than to Breconshire and Radnorshire, though he unsuccessfully contested the Radnorshire parlia- mentary seat against Sir Humphrey Howorth in 1741. There is a touch of irony perhaps in the fact that, within a few months of Sir Humphrey's death, his daughter Susannah married James Howe, Roderick's brother- in-law,62 and that Roderick's nephew Howell Gwynne became the new Member for Radnorshire. If, therefore, the direct line of descent of the Gwynnes from Judge Marmaduke Gwynne became extinct in Garth itself by the turn of the 18th century, the family survived at Glanbran and Llanelwedd-at Llanelwedd through the descendants of the judge's grandson Marmaduke (3), at Glanbran through those of his other grandson Roderick. The foundations of the family fortunes, so assiduously laid by the judge himself (not always by means which will bear close scrutiny) were built upon by his daughter Mary (who brought Ty Gwyn and Bryn-ioau into the family), by his grandson Marmaduke (3) (who bought other properties), by Marmaduke's brother Roderick (who was fortunate enough to inherit Glanbran), and by Howell Gwynne or someone else who virtually suc- ceeded to Llanelwedd. Unfortunately, the capacity of Howell Gwynne and his son to spend was greater even than their skill to acquire, and they both fell heavily into debt; how and why is a matter which the family historian will assuredly investigate. But whatever the reasons may have been, Marmaduke (5) and (6) were obliged to sell some of the estate, and 69 His cousin, according to the memorial tablet to Sackville which Roderick himself erected at Tirabad. But from the details given by Bradney (op. cit.) it appears that though both men had a common ancestor in the Howell Gwynn who married Elizabeth Jones, Sackville was his grandson whereas Roderick was his great-grandson. 80 op. cit., iii, 291. John How (or Howe) of Wishford was raised to the peerage as Lord Chedworth in May 1741. Victoria County History Wiltshire, v, 195-7- 61 Bradney, op. cit. Old Wales, iii, 286 Jones, op. cit., ii, 212 iv., 291 where however Thynne Howe Gwynne is said to have married the daughter of William Matthew. 62 Old Wales, iii, 102.