CONTENTS Page EDITORIAL 2 OBITUARY: E. M. (Betty) Sage 3 by Minnie Gibbens y OBITUARY: Nan Grubb 3 by Andrea Wall ROMAN LEAD MINES AT RISCA? 5 by G. O. Osborne HISTORY AND MEMORY: THE SHAPING OF CAERLEON 10 by C. E. Smith THE MIGRATION OF PEOPLE INTO TREDEGAR DURING THE NINETEENTH CENTURY 19 by John B. Hilling JUVENILE CRIME IN NINETEENTH-CENTURY MONMOUTHSHIRE: ERRING GIRLS 41 by Janet Wilson A LACK OF POWER IN THE HOLY SPIRIT? WESLEYAN METHODISM IN THE WYE VALLEY IN THE LATE NINETEENTH CENTURY 50 by Mark Elson FIRST WORLD WAR GRAVES AND MEMORIALS IN GWENT 63 by Ray Westlake Cover: Catherine Regan, aged ten, one of the 'erring girls' in the county gaol in 1871-2 (Gwent Record Office, Q/CG38).