the contemporary chronicler Adam of Usk, upwards of 300 hundred prisoners were beheaded by the English in front of the castle at Usk [in an area known as Pontfald], which must make this one of the worst atrocities of the whole rebellion.89 Owain could be pretty ruthless at times, as the [archeologically attested] massacre of the garrison at Radnor shows,90 but most of the stories of his cruelty are apocryphal pieces of black propaganda written long after the event, such as the alleged mutilation of English corpses by Welsh women after the battle of Bryn Glas.91 However, even for an age in which violence was a commonplace and fighting was a hand to hand and thoroughly vicious business the cynical dispatching of prisoners at Usk on this scale is pretty barbarous. Hodges remarks that, 'If Adam was correctly informed, the battle ended in a cold-blooded massacre worse than any atrocity in the Rising we know of, including the killings at Radnor. 112 Clearly the English were now at pains to suppress this rebellion at all costs and to send the sternest possible signal to Owain and his allies. Apart from the possible movement through Gwent later that year of the Franco- Welsh expeditionary force, the fighting on any significant scale ended in Monkswood and the organised character of the rebellion in Gwent petered out thereafter. Some observers with hindsight, obviously see the beginning of the end for Owain in this double defeat in Gwent [first Grosmont and then Pwll Melyn], but that may be going too far. What it certainly signalled was the end of the beginning of the rebellion looked at from a national perspective and the beginning of the end game as far as Gwent was concerned. Whether Gwent had any further role in the rebellion of Owain Glyn Dwr is a matter of conjecture. No military conflicts of any significance are recorded there, but the legacy of damage and continuing economic dislocation are certainly well attested [see section below]. Owain was neither captured nor killed and he certainly accepted no pardon, though one appears to have been on offer around 1415.93 He simply disappeared from history after his last recorded sighting around 1412 when he and his band captured the loyalist Dafydd Gam of Brecon later to die at Agincourt and held him for ransom.94 He has no grave site and no one knows where he lies. This, of course, has all added to his legendary status one akin to Arthur in Welsh legend and various sites have been claimed for him all over Wales.95 There is a story, however, that as the rebellion petered out he finally went to ground and accepted the protection of Sir John Scudamore of Kentchurch whose manor house lay hidden away in the upper valley of the Monnow not far from Grosmont, in what was still a predominantly Welsh area. Sir John, a king's man ostensibly, was the brother nevertheless of one of Owain's captains, Philip Scudamore of Troy [who was captured at Welshpool in the last major clash of arms in the rebellion and beheaded in Shrewsbury in 1410].96 But, even more significantly, Scudamore was the husband