is a symbol of sloth the running brook and the < calmly breathing flower are symbols of the desires for change and for rest which contend in man. Mr Lewis has a feeling for tradition as his Lament for Branwen shows, and a sense of the mystery of the past, which being dead yet lives, as is seen in Llanstephan.' A carol and a lullaby lend variety to the volume. H.G.W. ROAD MAKERS Adult School Handbook, 1931. This volume is in the worthy succession of many of its predecessors. In a period familiar with Transport Bills, Regulation of Traffic Acts and Arterial Road Planning, there is something particularly appropriate in a highway approach to religion, geographical discovery, educational experiment, poetry, science, politics, travel-all are so many roads which have been pioneered by indomitable men and women, and which lie be- fore the men and women of to-day according to the diversity of their gifts. The lessons are ar- ranged to give treatment to these different as- pects with the accompanying religious "motif" that there exists one particular attitude which alone is adequate whether the road be rough or plain. We can be sure that an increasing num- ber of people in Wales will be helped by this book. B.B.T. THE HISTORIC JESUS By James Mackinnon, Ph.D., D.D., Longmans, Green & Co. 1930. Pp. i-xxxii., 1407. 16s net. Of the writing of Lives of Christ there is no end and within the last two or three years at least half a dozen valuable ones have appeared. Not only do professional theologians engage in the task, but philosophers, historians and literary men of various kinds in our day are drawn to it. This fact adds to the difficulty of justifying any addition to the growing number of modern at- tempts to set forth the Life of Christ, but Pro- fessor Mackinnon's Historic Jesus will easily sur- vive the most rigorous tests. In this notable volume of over 400 pages the author's primary concern is with the historic figure that lived in Palestine rather than with the Church's faith con- cerning Him or with His influence on subsequent history. The Regius Professor of Ecclesiastical History at Edinburgh deals fully with the events of our Lord's life and the significance of His mission in their historical setting, and he writes with a very wide knowledge of recent work in this country and abroad. Conclusions at vari- ance with orthodox belief are sometimes reached (e.g., on the Virgin Birth and the physical Resur- rection) and all the difficulties are honestly faced (e.g. Miracles and value of the Fourth Gospel). Dr. Mackinnon has given us a book which is critical in the best sense, combining a judicious temper with reverent appreciation, and his work is invaluable to serious students of the life of the Founder of Christianity. G.A.E. ESSAYS IN POSITIVE THEOLOGY. By T. A. Lacey, D.D., F.S.A., Canon of Wor- cester. Methuen & Co. Pp. 1-230. 1931. 6s net. Into this volume one of the acutest minds in the Anglican Church has gathered twenty essays which cover a very wide field. Most of them have appeared during the last 25 years in various learned periodicals and it is good to rescue them from those mausoleums of valuable work. Some of the best essays are the theological ones (e.g. the Idea of Grace, Survival and Resurrection, Original Sin) but practical issues are never over- looked (e.g., in the Essays on Intercommunion, Symbolism in the Creed), and many will be glad to read Canon Lacey's judgment of Manning and his final essay which puts the question: Why Bishops? Throughout the volume the exact thinking of a trained logician is combined with a living interest in men and history, and an added value is given to these essays inasmuch as they reflect the course of the development of the author's own thought during the last quarter of a century. G.A.E. HOMES OF WALES. By Owen M. Edwards. Translated by the Rev. T. Eurfyl Jones. Hughes & Son. 1931. Pp. 1-183. 2s 6d. Those who know Sir Owen Edwards' delightful Cartrefi Cymru will not envy one who seeks to translate it into English, but Mr. Eurfyl Jones has done the work with a marked degree of suc- cess. He has overcome the main difficulties of the translator and he steers his way between the Scylla of mere literal translation and the Charyb- dis of romantic paraphrase. The work will help English readers to understand the hold which Sir Owen Edwards had upon Welsh read- ers. G.A.E. EARTH AND SKY By C. H. Dobinson Pp. 1-119. A. & C. Black, Ltd. 3s. 6d. This is an exceedingly useful book for the teacher and the general reader. It gives a simple account of the main facts of astronomy and geology in the light of recent discoveries. Suggestions for experiments and observations, and also questions, are given at the end of each chapter. The illustrations are excellent. G.W.R.