give to both a common purpose. Differences can only emerge (1) in the detailed practical application of these principles, (2) in method. As to method, the Church works mainly from within, aiming at the inward regeneration of character and motive, while Labour aims at social reconstruction and economic rearrangements. But the part the Church has taken and is taking in legislative and social reforms, e.g., in temperance reform, shows that it is by no means limited to the method of inner regeneration." Some of these replies betray a certain confusion of thought, due in part perhaps to the form in which the question was set. For instance, the correspondent who says that the Church is spiritual whereas Labour is materialistic is thinking of the ideal Church and of the actual Labour movement. Many within the Church would say that the actual Church taken in the mass is distressingly worldly and materialistic in its outlook, and many within the Labour movement would say that even within the actual Labour movement there is an idealistic section that renounces narrow materialistic aims. The antithesis is therefore false in the form quoted above. If we are to make comparisons it must be either between the actual or between the ideal in both cases. It is not fair to take the better element in the one case and contrast it with the worse in the other. There are other false contrasts, such as those between inner and outer and between individual and social method of working. At best it is a case of more or less, a difference of emphasis. The hopeful feature in these replies taken in the aggregate is a tendency to take a large inclusive view of human good. In so far as this is done both parties approximate, and this is the direction In reference to Fred Ambrose's sketch "Trench-French,' of 111, St. Helen's Road, Swansea, writes:- Permit me to thank you for your welcome article on Trench- French," which I read with the keenest relish. Its interest is not con- fined to its humour. It witnesses to a real need of Tommy and all others who come into contact with men of other nations-the need of a really international medium of communication. That need Tommy seeks to supply by the evolution of the jargon described in the article. That need the authorities meet by providing a large staff of interpreters, who, if we may trust the same article, are not always the eloquent linguists they are supposed to be. This need of an international speech has been felt before the War, and will be felt more and more as time goes on. Our insularity and isolation have gone for ever and the need of an instrument for inter- national intercourse will be intensified. Such an instrument lies ready to hand in the international auxiliary language devised by Dr. Zamenhof just over thirty years ago. During this period Esperanto has spread until it now possesses adherents in almost every counrty in the world. During this period Esperanto has been used and tested in every department of inter- national relationships. Its international congresses have been unqualified THE WELSH OUTLOOK in which hope really lies. The trouble arises when either party denies that the other is concerned about a real good for human life. Each at present tends to take a partial view of the human problem and to deny the reality of the emphasis that is laid by the other upon certain human needs. Each stresses a real phase of human welfare and any antagonism between them is due to partiality of sympathy and outlook. It is certainly wrong for Church people to represent Christianity as being concerned merely with the individual. The Church is a society within which the individual is gathered, and it should be a pattern of a more perfect society where each prefers the other in honour instead of grabbing at prizes and honours for the individual as is too often the case in what is called the world. Until the Church takes its own social character seriously it has nothing truly impressive to say to the world. The Church ought, here and now, to be the kingdom of God in promise and embryo. In so far as it fails to realize this ideal it is due either to failure to appreciate that ideal in its fulness and glory or to cowardice in the application of its own principles, or more probably to a combination of both causes. Our hope lies in a growing tendency, reflected in these replies, to recognize a larger and more catholic concern for the whole man, body, mind and soul, and this seems to be common ground between the better elements both of the Church and of Labour. Sursum corda. Bristol. Herbert Morgan. TRENCH-FRENCH in our April issue, the Rev. W. H. Harris, M.A., B.Litt., triumphs. It is a language capable of being acquired with a minimum expenditure of time and effort. The recent experiment in the Green Lane Council Schools, Eccles, proves that Esperanto alone, of all second languages, can be profitably taught in the elementary schools. Here then is the indispensable instrument for international inter- communications. May I bespeak the serious attention of your readers (who all think internationally) for Esperanto, the second language for all ? Enquiries should be addressed to the Secretary, British Esperanto Association, 17, Hart Street, London, W.C. I., or to me as below. P.S.—The Committee appointed by the Government to inquire into the position of modern languages in the educational system of Great Britain has just issued its report. As an interim solution of the language problem, it recommends an increased cultivation of modern languages in schools and universities. That this is not a final and satisfactory solution is evident from the fact that the report recom- mends the appointment of a new Committee to inquire into the potentialities of artificial languages and the desirability of encouraging the development and the use of one."