usually been presented to the Spanish public in a rather mild form under the name of decentralisation, with an occasional display of extreme bad temper, recent developments, more or less inspired by the war, tend to show that the leaders of Catalan na- tionalism mean to discard their regionalist mask and to stand for nationalism on the Irish Home Rule lines. Senyor Cambo, the head of the nationalist Conservatives, speaking last June in the Chamber of Deputies, said The Catalan Assembly must be responsible to the people, only to the people, and the Catalan executive to the Assembly, only to the Assembly And again: The sovereignty which we ask for our Assembly is the minimum of sovereignty of the German confederate state which enjoys the least amount of sovereignty within the German Federation The opposition to Catalan nationalism is at bottom grounded on the Castilian tendency to centralisation. But there is no lack of arguments to express this instinctive tendency in a precise form. Most of them, however, apply rather to nationalist excesses than to nat onalist ideas., As is the case with all parties, Catalan nationalism has its fanatics. There are Catalanists who are not content with anything short of complete independence Y not ar y ddaear a'r niwl trot y nen Ar curlaw yn lleithio fy ngwedd A hiraeth am goflaid f'anwylyd wen Sy a'i serch yn felyster hedd, Sibrydaf ei henw, fy Nan fach dlos, I leddfu fy nhristwch yn niwl y not. A awyn yr enw sy'n dwyn i'm bryd Atgofion am ddyddiau braf A dreuliwyd ymhell o helbulon byd Ar weirgloddiau Gwlad yr Haf A 'nghalon yn swyn y freuddwydiol hynt Anghofia'r curlaw a'r not a'r gwynt. or even French rule. Their wild utterances stand in the way of a mutual understanding on moderate lines. Further, Catalan local bodies have not proved particularly well fitted for public administration, and their management of provincial finance compares rather unfavourably with the Basque local govern- ment. Moreover, public opinion in the County is far from being unanimous on the subject of Home Rule, and the present revival of the movement seems to be due rather to a temporary falling off in the republican party, which in Catalonia is mostly unionist, than to any real progress of nationalism in the hearts of the people. But the main argument against nationalism is a very strong one, especially on account of the sentimental element. The Catalans claim to be the most advanced people in Spain, and therein establish their right to Home Rule. Spanish people retort that if this be the case, the superior element in the country should undertake the govern- ment of the whole community; now, Catalan politicians, with very few exceptions, have restricted their efforts to the nationalist field. This is obvious selfishness. And there is no sympathy for selfishness in the Castilian country. Salvador de Madariaga. A MA PETITE. Er machlud yr haul a chuddio'r ser Dan ormes y niwl a'r gwyll Mi wn na ddiffoddir goleuni ter Dan orchudd un caddug hyil Er gwaethaf tiomiant a chwerw loes Y mae i'm gobaith dragwyddol oes. A ffy holl wertyll y niwl a'r nos Rhag rhwysg y melyndes claer A nydda Natur ar wndwn a rhos Ei mantell o wyrdd ac aur; A ninnau gawn eto fel cynt, fy merch, Gwpanau llawnion gwinllannoedd serch. Rho$yr