MIGRATION TO AND FROM WALES AND MONMOUTHSHIRE IT will probably come as a surprise to most readers of The Welsh Outlook to learn that approximately one-sixth of the population of Wales- and for the purpose of this article Monmouthshire is deemed to be included in Wales-is English born. Out of every thousand persons enumerated in Wales at the time of the 1911 census, 680 resided in their native Welsh county and 127 had migrated from one county in Wales to another. 807 per thousand of the population were, therefore, Welsh- born, and, of the remainder, 160 per thousand were born in England, four in Scotland, nine in Ireland, three in the Isle of Man, Channel Islands, British Colonies or Dependencies, seven in foreign countries and the birthplace of ten was not stated. The exact figures are as follows Residing in native county 1,646,992 Migrated from another county in Wales 306,716 Total born in Wales 1.953.708 Born in England 388.238 Born in Scotland 9.582 Born in Ireland 20,864 Born in Isle of Man. Channel Islands, British Colonies, or Dependen- cies 7,165 Born in foreign countries 16,473 Born at sea 345 Birthplace not stated 26,546 Total 2.420.921 The migration to and from England shows strikingly different results when North Wales and South Wales are contrasted. From the North Wales counties 119,476 persons have migrated to England, and only 69,656 vice versa. The number of persons who have migrated from South Wales to England is 147,139, while no less than 318,582 have migrated from England to South Wales. Adding these figures we find that, including 8,974 persons born in Wales (County not stated) there were in England 275,589 persons of Welsh birth, against 388,238 English-born persons in Wales. The migration between Scotland and Ireland and England and Wales may usefully be compared with the foregoing figures. There were in England and Wales 321,825 natives of Scotland and 375325 natives of Ireland, while there were only 165,102 natives of England and Wales in Scotland and 9037 in Ireland. 467,213 One-half of the English and Scottish migrants to Wales have settled in Glamorganshire, which con- tained nearly two-thirds of the Irish emigrants and more than that proportion of the foreigners. One person in every 35 amongst the population of Merthyr Tydfil County Borough was of Irish birth, while one in every 45 of the population of Cardiff was born in a foreign country. With the exception of Glamorgan and Monmouth the whole of the Welsh counties show a greater number of emigrants than immigrants. The figures for Montgomeryshire and Cardiganshire are extreme in this respect, the out-goers being three for every one incomer. The figures for Radnorshire are peculiar. Out of 32,869 persons born there, only 14,886 remain in their native county, 8,415 have migrated to other parts of Wales and 9.568 to England. Thanks chiefly, no doubt, to Llandrindod Wells, a set-off of 7,704 immigrants, the majority English, brings up the population of the county to 22,590. The result is that Radnor has one of the lowest percentages of native residents-less than two-thirds-amongst all the counties of Wales. Anglesey stands in a class by itself in its low rates of migration. Its population is over five thousand more than that of Merioneth, but its figures for migration to and from other counties are both three thousand less than that county. How every county in Wales has contributed its natives by the thousand to swell the population of the industrial centres of Glamorgan and Monmouth is shown by the following table, which gives the birthplaces of the whole of the residents in both of those counties, as extracted from the census returns. Residing in Born in Glamorgan. Monmouth. Anglesey 1.879 .j 166 Carnarvon 6.574 571 Denbigh 2.395 571 Flint 1.003 268 Merioneth 4.939 447 Montgomery 7,912 725 Brecon 14.479 8.170 Cardigan 16.108 1.457 Carmarthen 29,752 2,124 Glamorgan 729,969 24.164 Monmouth 40.969 251,969 Pembroke 20351 1,973 Radnor 3.746 1,603 Wales (county not stated) 1.270 169 Total. Wales 881346 294377