THE EUCLID COLLECTION IN THE NATIONAL LIBRARY This rich and interesting assemblage of the early editions of Euclid will always be associated with the name of its collector, Sir Charles Thomas-Stanford, who presented it to the National Library in 1927 and as I knew him well at the time that he was getting it together and publishing its results in the form of one of the Illustrated Monographs of the Bibliographical Society, I will try to say something about it and about him. Charles Thomas (he took his second name on marriage) was born of Welsh stock, though his parents were living at Hove in Sussex, on April 3rd, 1858. He was educated at Highgate School and Oriel College, Oxford, where he took a good classical degree and was ninth man for the Oxford Eight. He was called to the Bar but did not practise. He was a friend and admirer of Cecil Rhodes, and, on a visit to Africa in 1895, on his way south from Matabeleland, found himself in Johannesburg at the time of the Jameson Raid, and recorded his impressions in an interesting little volume, Johannesburg under arms. In 1897 he married Ellen, daughter of William Stanford of Preston Manor (Preston Park was originally the Manor's garden), and widow of Vere Benet Stanford of Pythouse, Wiltshire. In 1910 he became Mayor of Brighton, and held this office for three years in June, 1914, he became M.P. for Brighton, and continued to sit until 1922. He was created a baronet in 1929, and died on March 8th, 1932, at the age of seventy-three. He will perhaps best be remembered as having purchased Lewes Castle and presented it in 1922 to the Sussex Archaeological Society, of which he had long been President. He published many antiquarian books on the past history of Sussex, books on gardens in Madeira and North Africa, and a pleasant novel with its scene in Madeira. His chief amusement was salmon-fishing, and for some years he fished one of the best salmon rivers in Norway. I made his acquaintance in 1906 on my first (of nineteen!) visits to Madeira, where he had a delightful quinta. We soon found that we had much in common, especially in the way of collecting early printed books, and from that time until the end of his life I saw much of him. He accumulated about 750 incunabula, which he ultimately sold to the American bookseller, Mr. Rosenberg they were destined, I believe, for the Leland Stanford Junior University in California (mine, about 300 in number, are now in the University Library at Cambridge). The Euclid Collection had already begun when I first knew him. I was led to collect and to study the early editions of Euclid's Elements," he said, in the book which he wrote about them, by the beauty of some of the books, and by the interest attaching to the