THE RISING OF 1294: WAS MADOC A PRINCE OF POWYS? By R. G. VAUGHTON DYMOCK. THE name Madoc appears to be associated with mystery. Who does not know the story of that other Madoc, son of Owen Gwynedd, the mystery of whose alleged discovery of America has never really been disposed of, notwithstanding all the efforts of violent partisans ,on both sides ? In all probability, the words Not Proven will for ever represent the unbiassed verdict on this most perplexing of mysteries. But he had little or nothing to do with our Principality, and therefore a discussion on that subject would be out of place here. In his way, however, the subject of this paper is no less mysterious-not that we do not know what he did, but that we do not know who he was. In the first place it should be observed that different writers assign to him different identities. I append a few Welsh Sketches Illegitimate son of Llywelyn ap Gruffydd." Warrington's History of Wales: "A kinsman of the last Llewelyn." In a footnote the author adds He is by some supposed to have been the son of Llewelyn, but if so, he must have been illegitimate." Bradley's Owen Glyndwr Madoc ap Meredith, a connection of Llewelyn's. [Query, who was Meredith ?J Pennant's Tours in Wales: Madoc, cousin to our slain prince." O. M. Edwards's Wales: One Madoc, who claimed to be the son of Llywelyn."