the Reformation, and modern Protestant development, it has persisted unchanged till to-day. This would seem to indicate an early date for the symbolic identification. The interesting question now arises can this identifica- tion of the decapitated Head in a Dish with the Blessed Sacrament have any bearing upon the peculiar Grail presentment of our Welsh story ? You will remember that I drew attention to the fact that the Grail was represented by a dish containing a head surrounded with blood. In view, therefore, of what has been said, the Welsh version can justly be said to be a true Grail story, the only form of which is found in Welsh literature. Moreover, it is in some way connected with the local cult at York, the cult of the Head of St. John. (Incidentally one of the charges which was brought against the Knights Templars was of idolatry in worshipping a head-that of St. John-who was their patron saint ) This cult may have spread to Wales, and there connected with the Perceval story, for Perceval is known as the Welshman in the French versions, and many names of persons and places connected with the Grail story can be located in Wales in fact, the last home of the Grail before it was taken to Heaven may very well prove to be in West Wales-most likely in Pembrokeshire. A tradition exists to-day to the effect that Christ appeared to a farmer last of all before His ascension, and the very field is still pointed out. At the same time I should like to point out the close connection of Peredur with York. He is known in Wales as Peredur ap Efrawg, Peredur son of Efrawg (or York). I suggest his name should be Peredur o Efrawg (P. of York), and that the name of the county has become the name of his father, who had the Earldom of the North." There would be nothing to wonder at in this, for it is con- tinually done in Wales to-day. Children are frequently referred to by the name of the farm in which they live, John Tymawr, or Betty Pantglas: others insert the name