WILLIAM PENNOYRE: A PARLIAMENTARY ENTREPRENEUR By GEOFFREY L. FAIRS In the 1974 volume of the TRANSACTIONS of the Radnorshire Society the writer contributed a paper on William Pennoyre, a wealthy London businessman of the 17th century, who founded a school in Hay and who made numerous benefactions to the Butler family, which at that time lived at various holdings in the parishes of Dorstone and Cusop. Researches by Mr. P. W. Coldham, a genealogist of Purley in Surrey, and the writer, showed that Pennoyre was born William Butler of Dorstone but was taken as a child to Bristol by his parents where their name was changed to Pennoyre, presumably because of some family connection with the Pennoyres of the Moor near Hay, but so far the nature of the relationship has not been established. Mr. Coldham's investigations also showed that Pennoyre had wide business interests and was closely connected with the Parliamentary party at the time of the Commonwealth and prior to the execution of Charles I, but the extent of these ramifications was not realised until the present writer made a study of the Calendar of State Papers Domestic of the Public Record Office as far as it concerned William Pennoyre in the Commonwealth period. The findings are summarised in this note which is provided as a post- script to the original paper. William Pennoyre's business interests and Parliamentary contacts were very wide ranging as is clear from the numerous references to him in the Calendar of State Papers for the period 1642 to the Restoration of the Monarchy after which, whether from choice or necessity, he rapidly fades from the picture and devoted the remainder of his life to supervising his estates. For the purpose of this note, it will be convenient to classify the various abstracts into groups. Where appropriate explanatory notes will follow the abstract. The dates appended will serve to identify any particular abstract in the Calendar. A. PARLIAMENTARY OFFICIAL (1) 28th December 1646. A memorial of all such as are accountable for moneys for Ireland gives a list of Treasurers which includes Pennoyre. The English Parliamentarians had raised funds on the security of confiscated Irish lands, part of which was used in the campaign against the king. (2) 8th September 1651. Colonel Berkstead, Maurice Thompson and William Pennoyre to consider how the Scottish prisoners may be bestowed either at the Tiltyard Greenwich or East India House and Yard at Blackwall.