Originally intending to gather information for the 1695 revisions to Camden's Britannia, Lhuyd was drawn into the great project of a comprehensive Archaeologia Britannica by the request of Glamorgan squires who were throughout his most loyal supporters and campaigners for subscriptions. Francis Gwyn of Llansannor and Thomas Mansel of Margam were both active, as contributors in their own right and as the centres of large circles of relatives and dependents who were also drawn into the scheme. Twenty-nine of the 199 subscribers to the first volume of the Archaeologia, published in 1707, were from Glamorgan, and these included fifteen of the county's 27 justices of the peace. The work was dedicated to Sir Thomas Mansel of Margam. We are impressed not only by the enthusiasm for Lhuyd's work but by the quality of the history and archaeology with which he was associated. His correspondents among the petty squires emerge as shrewd and knowledgeable observers in their own right, without the "Druidic" obsessions of later generations. In the "Parochial Queries" correspondents such as Philip Williams of Dyffryn Clydach show that they had actually walked along a Roman road, or visited the site of alleged wonders, before reporting them. Their successors, "dilettanti" in the pejorative sense, would have disdained such efforts to limit philosophical speculation by tedious facts. Nor was their work constrained by blind veneration for pure classical standards, so that the early Christian period received much fuller attention about 1700 than for generations afterwards. Again, contemporary social parallels were used to elucidate the prehistoric cultures that had produced many of the remains under discussion[2]. Local scholars contemporary with Lhuyd have been well studied in recent years through the work of F.V. Emery, M.I. Williams and R.T. Gunther, while the County History has emphasised the continuity of antiquarian interests where Welsh manuscripts are concerned. The writings of Lhuyd's correspon- dents were published in 1909-11 in the Parochialia[3]. However, it can be shown that Lhuyd's premature death in 1709 in no sense marked the end of the flourishing school of Glamorgan antiquaries. Work continued in this tradition until the 1730s, when historical scholarship in Glamorgan declined in the same way that has been