19 Joseph Evans, Biographical Dictionary of Ministers and Preachers of the Welsh Calvinistic Methodist Body (Caernarfon, 1907), p.81. 20Ibid.,p.86. 21 Thomas Burgess, Tracts on the origin and independence of the Ancient British Church, on the supremacy of the Pope and the inconsistency of all foreign jurisdiction within the British Constitution (second edition, London, 1815), pp. 1-326. 22 Ibid., p. 12. 23 Ibid., p. 13. 24 Ibid., p. 16. 25 Ibid. 26Ibid.,p.59. 27 Ibid., p. 139. 28 Ibid., p. 147. 29 Ibid., p. 148-50. 30 'He was utterly opposed to grant to chapels built for the convenience of the worshippers, the privilege of having the ordinances of the Church administered therein', see, Joseph Evans, Biographical Dictionary of Ministers and Preachers, p.288. 31 J. E. Lloyd and R. T Jenkins (eds), Dictionary of Welsh Biography down to 1940 (London, 1959), pp. 1064-5. For Peter Williams (1723-96), see p. 1063 and for Eliezer Williams (1754-1820), see p. 1036. 32 For David Griffiths (1736-1834), see ibid., p.303. 'A fluent preacher, he constantly ministered to the Methodist communities and frequented their societies. He opposed their claim to ordain ministers, however, and in 1811 left them and took possession of their chapels at Nevern, Eglwyswrw, and St Dogmaels. After that he confined his activities to his own parish.' 33 Ibid. 34 For Joseph Evans, Ebenezer Morris, ibid., pp.219-226. 35 D. E. Jenkins, The Life of the Rev Thomas Charles, BA ofBala, III (Denbigh, 1908), p.241. 36 Ibid. 37 Ibid., pp.241-2. 38 For the background to the ordination in 1811, see John Morgan Jones, Ordeiniad 1811 Ymysgy Methodistiaid Calfinaidd (Caernarfon, n.d.), pp. 1-247. 39 DE Jenkins, ibid., p.245. 40 Ibid. 41 Ibid. 42 William Sims Bainbridge, The Sociology of Religious Movements, (London, 1997), p.23. 43 Ibid., p.24. 44 D Ben Rees (ed.), Vehicles of Grace and Hope: Welsh Missionaries in India 1800- 1970 (Pasadena, 2003).