in peace threatened to wrest from us that commercial supremacy which we enjoyed for over a century'. The Fisher Education Act of 1918 was much welcomed as a significant contribution to the promotion of equality of opportunity. However, at Caernarfon, just as elsewhere in the country, post-war educational ambitions were soon thwarted by financial stringencies and the accompanying pressure to reduce teacher numbers, and by the replacement of Free Places by means-tested Special Places in 1932. But the inter-war years were also a period of considerable achievement at the school. There were teachers— English and Welsh-of high quality, excellent academic successes, perceptive Speech Day Addresses by such eminent figures as Professor C. H. Dodd, Sir Isambard Owen, H. A. L. Fisher and Lloyd George. The response of the school to the evacuation of children from English cities during World War II is followed by a comparatively brief survey of the problems of readjustment following the Education Act of 1944 and of developments until the eve of comprehensive education in the 1960s. The author provides abundant evidence of the 'sustained struggle to shape a school that would be an effective centre of instruction, and also a credit to the community which it served'. W. GARETH EVANS Aberystwyth A BIBLIOGRAPHY OF THE HISTORY OF CARDIFF. Compiled by Brian Ll. James, with an Appendix by S. M. Romaya. Survey of Cardiff Occasional Paper No. 1, 1989. Pp. 49. £ 3.00. This bibliography is the first publication of the Survey of Cardiff, a trust established in 1988 with the aim of producing a detailed topographical and historical record of the development of the city. In his preface, the compiler, Brian Ll. James, outlines his guiding principles of concentrating on published secondary literature, together with various themes and dissertations. General works, and those arranged in chronological periods, are followed by works grouped in a range of sections which extend from 'Cardiff Castle, and the Marquesses of Bute' to 'Place-names, Dialect', and those listed under districts and suburbs. An appendix presenting S. M. Romaya's list of primary sources on architecture, town planning and urban design is followed by a comprehensive index. Despite the opening disclaimer in the Preface that the bibliography 'makes no claims to completeness', this reviewer would certainly agree with the subsequent statement which expresses the compiler's hope that 'nothing of major importance has been omitted'. References to relevant material have been carefully and methodically arranged and indexed. The systematic approach and comprehensive coverage illustrate Brian James's bibliographical expertise and his detailed knowledge of both the available literature and of the historical background. Annotations are occasionally presented to provide additional information or explain the inclusion of a particular item. An indication is therefore provided of the