The pyrrhic victory at the end of the Penrhyn strike concludes J. R. Williams's detailed and valuable biography of W. J. Parry of Coetmore, the quarrymen's leader, ibid., pp. 73-120. Cyril Parry sheds light on the slow rise of Gwynedd Socialism with a survey of the influence of Fabianism from 1890 to 1918, ibid., pp. 121- 36, while he shows the influence of the Independent Labour Party on northern politics from 1900 to 1920, ante, IV, no. 1, 47-66. A Welsh cultural society, the Merthyr Cymreigyddion, from 1902 to 1910 is portrayed by Dyfnallt Morgan, in Taliesin, XVI, 17-26 (in Welsh). Thomas Massey and W. E. Minchinton contribute a note on the Motor Bus Services in the Gorseinon area, 1917-35, in Transport History, I, no. 1, 71-76. The relationship of Lloyd George and the declining Welsh Liberals from 1918 to 1935 is examined by Kenneth O. Morgan, in Bull. Board of Celtic Studies, XXII, part 4, 389-406. PRYS MORGAN Swansea